The Roman Pantheon includes a number of architectural and structural features which have made it the (near) perfect archetype that it is. Look at t hose weight shedding arches built into the external brickwork.
The interior space was designed around a perfect sphere 43.3m in diameter. The "Oculus" hole at the top of the roof allows light (and rain!) in and when the sun is shining the shaft of light travels across the interior of the building. It takes little imagination to conclude that a cosmic effect was being sought rather like being in a large scale observatory where the heavens are turned outside-in!
Roman Architecture and Engineering used to legitimise Imperial power. Read all about it!
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